Who will buy Acacia Mining when the “dirty laundry” included in the deal is a whopping US$ 280 million?

A public letter to the CEO’s of Harmony Gold Mining, AngloGold Ashanti, RandGold and Gold Fields

By Samantha Cole of Tanzania Business Ethics

Last week, it became public that Barrick Gold reached out to Harmony Gold Mining, Sibanye Gold , AngloGold Ashanti, RandGold & Exploration and Gold Fields and others unnamed, to offer Acacia Mining on a golden platter for a mere US$ 1.9 billion…..
Kelvin Dushnisky, President of Barrick, was certain to exclude the fact or downplay the fact that the “dirty laundry” included in the deal amounts to about 15% of the price.

Is this the perfect time to acquire Acacia Mining? After all, timing is everything.

Just 10 months ago, the headlines focused on Acacia Mining shares plummeting due to ‘disappointing’ production.
Today, the headlines are shining for Acacia with reports their stock is up more than 200 percent since the start of the year. Talk about a rollercoaster ride.

In the case of Acacia Mining, potential buyers will need to be very sure not to focus on the stock exchange face value but rather to focus on the huge extent of problems within Tanzania.

The media, representative of the Nation and even more so, the explicit messages recently from the Tanzania President, John Magufuli, of clear and distinct disappointment and dissatisfaction regarding the multi-national mining companies and furthermore, the Tanzanian Parliament specifically lambasting Barrick Gold and Acacia Mining by name, for their involvement in fraud, corruption and worse in Tanzania.
Analysts are asking if the Acacia Mining volcano is on brink of eruption in Tanzania.

According to Acacia Mining’s recent online company report, they say:
> 45,000 Jobs supported through Acacia’s operations on average in 2015
> Over 95% of Acacia employees at our operations are Tanzanians
> For every Acacia Mining job, there are an additional 11 jobs are created elsewhere in the Tanzanian economy

What country could resist having the amazing benefits described above, within their economy?
But, on the flipside of the coin, one must ask, at what price?
Is there a price to justify all the negative “fall-out” that comes from the above benefits all of which is a result of the underhanded, scandalous and nefarious ways, the management of Acacia Mining handle their dealings in Tanzania.

The answer is “YES”, the price that the Tanzanian’s are paying for these benefits is VERY high…. most Tanzanian’s feel that the price is TOO HIGH.
Acacia reports in their website that they have approx US$ 280 million of legal disputes/claims in Tanzania.
US$ 280 million is a significant and material amount which one can neither argue against nor overlook.

As at 30 June 2016, Barrick Gold – Acacia Mining (and the companies in their group) were defendants in approximately 255 lawsuits.

255 legal claims against Barrick-Acacia to a value of US$ 280 million.

None of us need a MBA to know that there is a definite management crisis – or lack of skilled management altogether. In this day of efficient communications, meetings, conference calls, emails and attachments, etc. one has to ask how can the situation deteriorate so terribly?
Needless to say there are probably some “bogus” claims within the 255 lawsuits… so let’s remove a few percent of the 255 to look at the situation more objectively. Let’s remove 20 per cent and it’s still 200 legal disputes/claims which is totally insane. One claim for $115 million, is the result of Acacia not having delivered on their agreed obligations with a local partner, Bismark Hotels Mining which brought the Ministry of Mines to “head on collision” against the management of Acacia Mining. All the claimant’s can’t be wrong, can they?

What company’s management needs lawsuits and bad media coverage. Every company’s management knows that lawsuits and bad media coverage is counterproductive in every sense of the word. Barrick-Acacia have access to some of the best lawyers in the world. They know perfectly well that lawsuits can be prevented altogether, and those that can’t be prevented may be neutered by employing some simple practices.
Yet, in spite of this, Barrick-Acacia choose to allow their image and business relationship “building” to rather go into a spiraling downwards spin … out of control … to the detriment of their host countries in which they operate their mines.

What do they care? Why should they care? After all, they proudly publicize “45,000 jobs …. over 95% employees are Tanzanians ….. for every Acacia job, 11 more are created” …..
Do they think world will pat them on the back? Perhaps their shareholders will, but do they, the shareholders really know what’s happening in Tanzania?
Do Acacia and their shareholders think they can slap Tanzania on the cheek and we will turn and give them the other cheek?

The “dirty laundry” of Acacia Mining in Tanzania is a critical and crucial factor into which any prospective buyer will need to delve deeply and study to understand just how bad the situation really is and what is needed to turn the “pre-erupting volcano” into a simmering volcano then ultimately and thereafter, …… ideally into a tranquil oasis, which perfectly symbolises what Tanzania is all about.

A few days ago, Michael Erickson, senior vice president of AngloGold Ashanti, was quoted regarding their decision not to pursue the opportunity of buying into the Kalgoorlie mine in Australia. He brilliantly said: “Looking at the surface, there’s some complexity there to deal with and you wouldn’t want to be the last man standing”. This says it all.

There are huge complexities with Acacia Mining in Tanzania…. both shallow and deep. Any buyer will need effectively far more than a traditional mining Due Diligence Report in order to make the educated decisions to move forward, or walk away. Do not be fooled by smart Boardroom banter and sales talk in Toronto and London.

Come to Tanzania… see and feel the heat from the Acacia Mining volcano. Connect with the “45,000 jobs …. over 95% employees are Tanzanians ….. for every Acacia job, 11 more are created” ….. Tanzania is blessed with all the gold needed to make your hundreds of millions … but pay your taxes to our Government so that we may also have highways, hospitals, schools, electricity and water and all the other infrastructure elements that you might take for granted back home.

And just as important, please treat our local communities and local companies with the honor and respect that they deserve. After all, that is a 2-way fact of life.
What goes around, comes around…..

Why ‘Mother’ Barrick Gold needs to be rid of ‘Daughter’ Acacia Mining?

By Samantha Cole of Tanzania Business Ethics

Indeed, everyone is talking about the news that the Canada-based Barrick Gold Corporation is suddenly anxious to be rid of its 63,9 per cent equity stock in Acacia Mining PLC – still regularly referred to as “African Barrick Gold”.

Independent analysts around the world and prospective investors – especially those specializing in the gold industry, are already asking why the world’s largest player in gold mining, would want to free itself and divest of its shareholding in a multi-national conglomerate that is , for all intents and purposes, actually formed and created by themselves …. and also one that recently declared a dividend in London for its shareholders – including “Mother” Barrick Gold – to the tune of hundreds of millions of US dollars? There must be an underlying reason for this most unusual, most unenterprising strategic decision…. a reason that analysts would not accept from Barrick’s usual spin stories!

Acacia Mining is a publicly-listed company both on the London and Dar es Salaam stock exchanges under the symbol ACA. Acacia is also traded in New York.
Acacia Mining stock value is up more than 200 per cent since the start of the year. Not a day passes without umpteen News Alerts about the “the talk of the gold industry” – even if the increase in the gold price contributes to the increased stock value.

The company’s listing with the Dar es Salaam stock exchange has seen a boost in the value of Acacia shares by some 75 per cent that has reached an all-time high since the UK voted to exit the EU.
Furthermore, recently Acacia Mining reported better-than-expected earnings in Tanzania, surpassing market forecasts for earnings, production and costs. Overall, Acacia appears to have recently become the “new blue eyed kid on the block”!

So, observers want to know… WHY would a mother company so urgently need to rid itself of such a successful “money-printing” daughter business? Questions are being asked what has sown the seeds of discord so suddenly, this fast, of this magnitude, between a parent and its super-enterprising offspring?

Acacia Mining PLC own three profitable operating mines in Tanzania and these are Acacia’s only income producing assets in Africa. It’s no surprise that these mines are being closely observed by the Tanzania authorities, especially since the public lambasting in the Tanzania Parliament where a MP clearly addressed Barrick Gold & Acacia Mining directly by name, referring to their involvement in fraud, corruption and suppression of local companies in Tanzania.

Just a few months ago, the Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) achieved a guilty judgment against Barrrick & Acacia for Tax Evasion – in which the judge wrote “our respectful opinion constitutes the evidence of a sophisticated scheme of tax evasion”.

The local communities living around the areas of the Acacia mines have taken legal action in numerous claims against Acacia for several illegal cases ranging from deaths, acts of violence, rape, environment damage and more.

Barrick-Acacia have an ex-partner called Bismark Hotel Mining, with whom they are in the middle of a legal struggle involving $115 million of damages to Bismark.

Barrick Gold, Acacia Mining and their local subsidiaries have taken major, negative and harmful beatings through media coverage this year in both international and local media, online and in print.

A major slap in the face to the Tanzanian Government and its Nation was when Acacia Mining declared a dividend to its shareholders only in London. The dividend was to the value of 100’s of millions of dollars, yet they have the audacity and impudence to show an operating loss in Tanzania – to the detriment of the Government and TRA, all of which is now public knowledge.
However, in sharp contrast to all the above Acacia wheeling and dealing, Barrick and Acacia will have been deeply shocked by President Magufuli’s recent public speech that included the distinct message to multinational mining companies who continuously claim that they make losses in Tanzania, that they should rather go home back to their countries and leave Tanzanian mineral resources for Tanzanian children to inherit!

Now we see all the pieces of the puzzle start to give the clear picture that all these recent deeply distressing situations by Barrick and Acacia Mining against the People of Tanzania, would appear to be the reason why Barrick Gold suddenly send out signals to the public of their intentions to divest and disassociate itself from Acacia Mining – as soon as possible!

The news and media – both online and printed, are full of damning news reports concerning the poor management of both Barrick Gold and Acacia Mining.

Focus Africa and many other news and media specialists reported that Barrick Gold are now talking to some multinational gold mining companies to take over Acacia Mining.

Potential buyers named by Reuters are AngloGold Ashanti, Harmony Gold, Randgold , Sibanye Gold and Goldfields, all of whom are South African gold mining companies.

An international gold mining analyst has cynically commented about “people in glass houses that should not throw stones”. After all, he says, Kelvin Dushnisky and Barrick Gold together have one of the worst track records for business ethics in the world. Is this not total double standards for Barrick to point fingers at their daughter company for bad behavior?

Bloomberg’s media reports that Barrick Gold’s President, Mr. Kelvin Dushnisky, said that they were divesting from non-core assets, which was a contradiction in terms, in that Barrick, was the largest gold producer in the world, so why divest from Acacia, when Acacia is a profitable producer of gold and is a major contributor to Barrick bottom line.

Acacia Mining’s business record in Tanzania has been a roller coaster ride which will certainly negatively influence any selling price that Barrick has in mind. After all, who wants a company that is so full of problem situations that one cannot hold it like a hot potato? Selling Acacia Mining will carry all the “dirty linen” of multiple legal actions from the Government Authorities, from local communities and from local companies – the largest of which is the Bismark legal claim of $115 million dollars. Will any buyer be interested to inherit all these claims? Barrick will need to enter into their “settle out of court” mode …. But history shows us how good they are at that!

As one Tanzania newspaper printed today, Friday, July 29, 2016:
” ……. one observer rhetorically asked: “why haven’t they been meeting their statutory obligations to the Tanzania Government, the Tanzania people in general – and, in particular, the local communities around the mine sites, as well as local companies like Bismark, who have been gypped out of their lawful dues in the interest of a few Acacia shareholders?”

Prospective buyers will need to complete a great deal of due diligence on Acacia Mining PLC, aka African Barrick Gold to ensure that they have full disclosure of all the worms that need to come out of the woodwork if they take over the company. Based on reports in the media, will they worry about information from Acacia’s top trio, Brad Gordon, Peter Spora and Deo Mwanyaki ?

Another Tanzanian observer has raised suspicions that this whole sudden “let us be rid of Acacia Mining” rumor that Kelvin Dushnisky, president of Barrick Gold, has released to the world media, could be nothing more than a smokescreen warning to the Tanzania President, John P. Magufuli, who has recently demonstrated his absolute dissatisfaction with the overseas mining companies in Tanzania.
If this is the case, Mr. Dushnisky is yet to learn that nobody calls the bluff of President Magufuli!
If Mr. Dushnisky wants to play poker, he should look elsewhere for poker partners!

Will Acacia Mining’s honeymoon with the gold price be short-lived?

By Samantha Cole of Tanzania Business Ethics

At the end of the day, when the excitement slows down, investors always look at the management. In Acacia’s case, the Captain of the ship, Brad Gordon, shows little hope and mostly despair for Acacia’s real future in Africa.  His history speaks for itself. 

Let us look at Acacia’s top operational “TRIO” and the facts behind the scenes:

MR. BRAD GORDON
CEO Acacia Mining
His employment background:

August 2013    :  CEO and Executive Director of Acacia Mining plc
March 2008    :  CEO and Executive Director of Intrepid Mines
April 2006       :  CEO and Executive Director of Emperor Mines
October 2004 :  Managing Director of Placer Dome Niugini
Prior :
General Manager of Tuvatu Gold Mining
General Manager of Porgera.
General Manager or Operations Manager roles at Kalgoorlie West for Aurion Gold,
Kanowna Belle for Delta Gold, Leonora for Sons of Gwalia and Vatukoula.
He serves as a Director of Vatukoula Gold Mine.

Mr. Gordon has a BSc (Min.Eng.) and MBA, F Aus IMM

Besides Mr. Gordon’s CEO salary package, in April 2012, The Business Day, Australia, reported that Mr. Gordon cashed in 1.5 million share rights and 1.47 million options in 2011 at a profit of more than $4.8 million.

On the following pages, we list some of the situations that Mr. Gordon was part of which paints a very clear picture of the integrity and morals (or lack thereof) in his responsibilities and functions as CEO of the companies in which he has worked over the past 10 years.

It is definitely an eye opener, and very distressing how the Acacia Mining “TRIO” of Brad Gordon, Peter Spora and Deo Mwanyika work together against Tanzania and the People of our country.
And even worse, Deo Mwanyika is, himself, a Tanzanian and a lawyer. One would expect Deo to be a Patriot and have the ability to decide when to say “TUMECHOKA” (enough is enough) to the temptation of money over Tanzania!!

Mr. Brad Gordon:
The internet makes life very easy to research his background and to see how he has performed in his working career. After the downhill spiral of the morality and ethics of Acacia Mining since Mr. Gordon entered the picture in August 2013, we can confidently write that this is no surprise and we are further saddened for all the thousands of Tanzanian Sisters and Brothers who work under this TRIO.

Who can say it better than the bloggist in the http://www.mining.com website on Dec 26, 2013. He wrote:
“Any company that would hire brad gordon to run anything more than a shovel is automatically, ipso facto a very poorly run, desperate enterprise — just look what he “accomplished” at Intrepid.”

Indeed, in the following pages, we give a brief summary of the crisis situations in which Mr. Gordon was the CEO … the boss….. he was responsible and more so, he is accountable…. Let us take a brief look at Mr. Gordon’s lack of achievements and then we have to ask ourselves and the Board of Barrick Gold… what were you thinking when you hired him away from Intrepid Mines??

In August 2006: Mr. Gordon is CEO of Emperor Mines. He gave a full presentation (freely available on the internet) on how he was going to turn Emporer Mines around completely into the “NEW EMPEROR” including fixing their three failing mines: Tolukuma; Vatukoula; Porgera. Mr. Gordon pledged a turnaround of the company by early 2007.

Not only did Mr. Gordon FAIL DISMALLY with his grandiose schemes of turning around Emporer Mines, within a year, the cards were on the table to merge Emporer Mines with Intrepid Mines and some months later, Emporer ceased to exist and was delisted from the Australia Stock Exchange. A great “achievement” by Mr. Gordon!!

Following on to that failure, the Intrepid people made the same mistake as the Barrick Board ….. they took Mr. Gordon as CEO!!

So we roll forward to April 2012: Mr. Gordon, the CEO has managed the Intrepid Mines so poorly that the company shows 70 per cent fall in its share price since previous November (5 months before). And, wait…. Even with that shocking result, he still stood in front the shareholders and asked (in the nicest way) for a whole packet of extra money…. Like more than 12 months’ pay !!! And let us not forget that in the same period, he cashed in 1.5 million share rights and 1.47 million options the previous year in January, at a profit of more than $4.8 million.

Wait again….. we must not forget that during 2010-2011, Mr. Gordon took Intrepid into a new project in Indonesia called Tujuh Bukit. Very sadly, Mr. Gordon did not do his homework well enough regarding business and mining in Indonesia. This resulted in Intrepid finding itself in a massive crisis situation AFTER investing about US$100 million. So bad was the crisis that in July 2012, Mr. Gordon found himself face-to-face with a disaster that his mining teams were forced off the site in Indonesia. Intrepid was in total fall-out with their partners.

If that was not enough, Mr. Gordon was facing the threat by Churchill Mining of a multi-billion lawsuit over the revocation of its local partner’s East Kalimantan coking coal concessions.


Intrepid Shareholders were worried about the excessive risk and exposure.

How did the CEO, Mr. Gordon, allow Intrepid get itself into this vulnerable position?
In one sentence – and there are full details below – Mr. Gordon messed up!! Managing relationships in Indonesia is a totally different “skill”. Full-time senior management presence in Jakarta was necessary. Intrepid was not present in Jakarta!
Even Intrepid’s chairman, Colin Jackson, confirmed criticism of Intrepid’s “fly-in, fly-out management” in Indonesia was reasonable. “As a general statement I would concur. Should we have a managing director resident in Jakarta? Possibly, yes,” he said.

A few months later, in September 2012, Intrepid appointed an Indonesian to be General Manager of Intrepid in Indonesia. Truth be told, if Mr. Gordon had done his homework on Indonesia before, he would have known to take this step already on day one!

Six months later, in March 2013, the media exposed a report of Mr. Gordon (at that time, the CEO of Emporer Mines) intimidating the Intrepid partner (at that time), Mr. Paul Willis, and forced him into signing a release for his rights to the Indonesia project. The report stated that Mr. Willis was outnumbered nine-to-one, including Intrepid CEO, Brad Gordon, and legal counsel Vanessa Chidrawi and six locals, armed with revolvers in holsters.
The Business Day claims they obtained an email to show how Intrepid conspired with the local partners to squeeze Paul Willis out of the venture.

Reports that the sole reason that the Tujuh Bukit Agreement expired was that Emperor Mines was too busy with the merger with Intrepid Mines and they left it until the last weeks to try and complete documents with the Indonesian’s that at best would have taken 3 months to complete. Intrepid simply left it until too late and “missed the boat” with the Indonesian’s, forcing the deal into crisis.

Reports were clear that Mr. Gordon spent aggressively (almost US$100 million) to prove up the huge scale of Tujuh Bukit without having finalised agreements to secure a direct stake in the project. Another great “achievement” by Mr. Gordon!! Who spends money without finalized agreements?

The media reports that CEO, Brad Gordon, is stunned by the events around the Indonesian project and is quoted: “What is disappointing is these Indonesian businessmen think they can act outside the law with impunity,” ……. Regarding the day Intrepid staff were forced off the project site, Mr. Gordon says: “It wasn’t a pleasant day,” he said. “It was quite frightening that something like that would happen. We were obviously concerned for our people. Nothing like that would ever happen in North America or Australia.”

QUESTIONS TO MR. GORDON:
How do you think your ex-partners in Tanzania feel when you do something so very similar to them? Is the shoe on the other foot? Do you think you can stand on Tanzanian’s so easily when YOUR company wronged them so badly?
Do you imagine you can intimidate and bully Tanzanian’s like you did to Mr. Willis in Indonesia (with armed guards) to scare us all? Do you think you can do similar in North America or Australia ?
Our President and Government and Police will not allow your actions here…. Any more than President Obama and his Government and the FBI will allow your actions in the USA!

Why is there no surprise when we see that shortly after everything was exposed in the media, Mr. Gordon has started negotiating secretly with Barrick and only a few months later, in August 2013 Mr. Gordon resigns from Intrepid and walks away from the massive black hole in Indonesia that Mr. Gordon, as CEO, has left Intrepid ??

The good news for Intrepid was that Mr. Gordon had left!
Only six months later, in February 2014, Chairman Ian McMaster announced Intrepid successfully brings the end of the dispute with the Indonesian’s and a few months later, in June 2014, Intrepid receive US$ 80 million.

Now the problems start (in fact, continue) for Tanzania because the new CEO in Acacia Mining from August 2013 is Mr. Brad Gordon. And we have already seen from 2006 to 2013 how Mr. Gordon works and his “ways and means to get things done”.

  • Is there any surprise that Acacia were found guilty of tax evasion from previous years?
  • Is there any surprise that last year, Acacia are exposed in a corruption scandal with an official(s) at the Ministry of Energy & Minerals?
  • Is there any surprise that Acacia are exposed for fraud and breach with their Tanzanian partners?
  • Is there any surprise that Acacia are exposed for price transferring and not declaring exports as the law requires?

January – April 2015 : Acacia Mining expands African footprint
June 4, 2015 : Acacia appoints new COO, Michelle Ash
October 7, 2015 : Acacia shares plummet on ‘disappointing’ production update
November 9, 2015 : Acacia Mining says COO, Michelle Ash, leaves
December 4, 2015 : Acacia Mining accelerates job cuts, workforce to fall by 27%
2016 …    Problems with the TRA, PCCB, Lambasted in Parliament, Scandals throughout the media .. and more..

What is Mr. Gordon actually doing there?
Is this a repeat of his disasters at Emperor Mines and then Intrepid Mines and now Acacia Mining?

However, in fact, we need to address all the problems around the three Acacia mines in Tanzania to the “TRIO” of Brad Gordon, Peter Spora and Deo Mwanyika.

MR. PETER SPORA
Vice President Exploration Acacia Mining
His employment background:

November 2013 : Acacia Mining plc : Vice President Exploration
March 2010 : African Barrick Gold : Exploration Manager Africa
March 2006 : Barrick Exploration Africa : Senior Geologist
October 2002 : Barrick Gold, Australia : Senior Geologist

Mr. Spora has Bachelor of Applied Science in Geology.
He is a member of the Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM), a member of the Tanzanian
Chamber of Minerals and Energy, a member of the Kenyan Chamber of Mines, and is a member of the Society of Economic Geologists.

Our research on Mr. Spora shows an engineer who focuses fully only on what is under the ground and how best to benefit from the minerals underground. The problem is that being the Vice President of Acacia Mining and having over 10 years’ experience working in Barrick, it is not possible for Mr. Spora to look the other way when his company is creating so much misery and problems in the host country of Tanzania. And now that he started working in Kenya, Burkino-Faso, Uganda, etc…. they will all know from international media and surely from the Tanzania Authorities about the way Barrick-Acacia operate in their host countries.

Last year, in October 2015, Mr. Spora said at an Australian conference: “We are a new company with a new story to tell……. has given a fresh approach to the way we do business.”
When will Tanzanian’s see this new company with a new story to tell?
Where is this fresh approach to business that you refer to?
All the world can see is a company managed by Mr. Brad Gordon who, we already established above, comes from a serious of previous mining failures and methods of intimidation, together with his Chairman, Mr. Kelvin Dushnisky, who, we already established, sits in his Canada office causing havoc, disaster, fraud, corruption, tax evasion, pain and misery all around the world.  So, Mr. Spora, the world frowns and disbelieves your words of “new story… fresh approach..” because, after all, these are meaningless words with no actions behind the words…

DEODATUS MWANYIKA
Vice President – Corporate Affairs
His employment background:

2013 :   Acacia Mining plc : Vice President – Corporate Affairs
2008 :  Barrick Gold : Executive General Manager, Tanzania.
2005 :  Barrick Gold : General Manager ; Legal and Government Affairs
2003 :  Barrick Gold : Chief Legal Counsel
1999 :  Barrick Gold : Legal Consultant

Deo holds a Bachelor of Law degree with Honours from the University of Dar es Salaam and a Masters in Law from the University of Cambridge.
He is also a member of the Tanganyika Law Society and the East African Law Society.

Six years ago, in August 2010, Mr. Mwanyika was interviewed publicly and said:
“There is a tradition within African Barrick Gold (ABG) and the parent company to reward performance and develop talent among workers…… The leadership team is diverse and includes a good mix of individuals both new and old, and some are from outside the country.”

Very sadly, six years down the line, where are the Tanzanian’s in the company leadership? And on the company Board of Directors? In fact, besides Mr. Mwanyika, the “leadership team” is ALL from outside the country and that is only because the Barrick Whites do not believe that the Tanzanian Blacks are capable.
Why do you stand aside and watch your company contract employment of Tanzanian workers to an Australian company?? What is this? Do we Tanzanian’s not have enough brains or skills to work for your company to hire our own Sisters and Brothers?

Or, should we understand that you are only the “Corporate Fixer-Man” for the White bosses living in England? If you are the fixer-man for them, then are YOU responsible for the corruption scandal with the official(s) at the Ministry of Energy and Minerals last year?

Yes, Mr. Mwanyika, the official who wrote you a few letters trying to justify that Barrick were correct and the Ministry were wrong? Remembers those letters, Mr. Mwanyika?

All of Tanzania knows about that corruption scandal and how that Ministry official was manipulated to write those false letters to help you.

All of Tanzania knows about the MP’s in our Bunge (Parliament) who recently lambasted Barrick-Acacia for fraud and corruption.

Mr. Mwanyika is the Vice President for Corporate Affairs. Where is his responsibility and accountability?

QUESTIONS TO THE “TRIO”:
In your announcements, whether interim, quarterly, annual, you continually write about Acacia making progress with community relations initiatives to enhance relationships with local communities.
Where is all this wonderful work ? (excluding paying for a soccer team or similar)
Where is the protection that Tanzania needs when you pack up to leave – as you did at Tulawaka Mine?
Is Acacia Mining capable to turn the page with your hosts in Tanzania? Mistakes were made. They will cost money to fix. Only money. Good people don’t make the same mistake twice. Better to operate in Africa in good spirits and energies compared to the mess now!

Yours faithfully

Samantha Cole
http://www.tanzaniabusinessethics.wordpress.com
http://www.facebook.com/sam.cole.ethics

Copies sent also to Tanzania, Canada, UK, Kenya, Burkina Faso, and numerous others

2016:   Tanzania 
Fraud and Corruption and tax evasion scandals including Barrack being lambasted in Parliament and the President of Tanzania stating that if Barrick and other overseas miners cannot make profits and pay taxes in Tanzania, they better go back to their own countries.

2016:    Tanzania
Villagers living around Barrick’s North Mara mine are still suffering from violence at the hands of mine security and police guarding the mines.  Women have been beaten and raped and men have been maimed and killed by mine security.  Barrick is aware of the ongoing human rights abuses at their mine and selectively provided remedy packages to some victims in return for legal waivers. However, the remedy process is not reaching all victims, is not equitable, and is not meeting victims’ needs.  NGO’s are chasing Barick for solutions but none are forthcoming.

2016:   Tanzania
Due to the high levels of violence at Barrick’s North Mara mine, NGO’s meet with Barrick’s Acacia office in London to clarify the process and procedures of North Mara’s Non-Judicial Grievance Mechanism for the victims of excessive use of force by mine security and police guarding the mine.  Issues needing Barrick attention:  Absence of a comprehensive remedy framework document;  Lack of clarity about how claims are investigated; Lack of clarity about how claims are accepted or rejected; Complainants lack access to adequate, independent legal advice; Use of legal waivers.

2015:   October   Tanzania
“We are a new company with a new story to tell which has undergone operational re-focus and major cost reductions,” Acacia Mining’s head of exploration Peter Spora told delegates at the 2015 Africa Down Under conference in Perth, Australia.

Acacia Mining, formerly known as African Barrick Gold, started its new journey in 2012 with CEO Brad Gordon at the helm and a new management team which, according to Spora, “has given a fresh approach to the way we do business.” “And we have made a lot of progress over the last two years,

2015:   Tanzania
Human rights field assessment at Barrick’s North Mara mine indicates failure of Barrick’s commitments to stop excessive use of force by Barrick security and police guarding the mine.  Barrick fails to deal with ongoing violence.  NGO’s and RAID confirmed the report given at the United Nations in December 2014, that the grievance mechanism at the North Mara mine was used strategically to divert victims from taking legal action. Locals suffer injuries related to gunfire, severe beatings with batons and other weapons, rape, and gang rape.  In short, the vicious, brutal violence against locals around the Barrick mine continues with no sign from Barrick of any solutions.

2015:   June      Indonesia
Intrepid received $80 million after long run dispute over Indonesian copper and gold project

2014:   Tanzania
Killing continues at Barrick’s North Mara mine.  Local ward councilor reports that in the previous three years, 69 people have been killed and hundreds more have been severely injured at this Barrick mine.  In the first month of 2014, four more people were killed.

2014:   February      Indonesia
Intrepid resolves Indonesian Tujuh Bukit gold mine dispute
Intrepid Mines has won its long running Indonesian Tujuh Bukit project dispute.
The miner has signed a series of binding agreements settling the dispute with its former partner PT Indo Multi Niaga over ownership of the copper gold project, and awarding the ASX listed company $90 million in cash.The Australian miner claimed that its joint venture partners, Maya Ambarsari and Reza Nazaruddin (who own IMN) seized control of the site and ordered Intrepid’s workers off the site, stating that they had been working with Soreyadjaya and a number of other parties to steal the project out from under them.

However, the validity of Intrepid’s claims were under a cloud as the type of mining licence held for the deposit by its joint venture partner was an IUP, which could not legally be held by foreigners.  He welcomed the end to the litigation, stating: “Legal challenges are time consuming, costly, and rarely result in harmonious relationships going forward.”

McMasters added that “while this is a disappointing conclusion to our efforts on the project, I am confident that our shareholders will see the benefit of eliminating the current risks we face in Indonesia and recovering the US$80 million (AUD$ 90 million) for redeployment elsewhere.”

2014:   February   Tanzania
Professor Sospeter Muhongo said in Dar es Salaam on Wednesday that the days of Barrick through its local subsidiary, ABG (Barrick Gold) not paying requisite taxes are over because currently most of its mines are paying what is due to the government.

2013:   December   Australia
A bloggist writes:
Any company that would hire brad gordon to run anything more than a shovel is automatically, ipso facto a very poorly run, desperate enterprise — just look what he “accomplished” at Intrepid.

2013:   Tanzania – England 
Tanzanian villagers sue Barrick in UK High Court for deaths and injuries in Barrick’s North Mara mine in Tanzania.  Barrick deny the allegations.

2013:   September   Tanzania
National Environment Management Council fines Barrick (and other mines) for environmental pollution that threatens biodiversity and human health.

2013:   August   Indonesia
Intrepid Mines Limited: Company Update and Resignation of CEO
— Update on attempts to engage in negotiations on Tujuh Bukit
— CEO advises that he has been headhunted and will leave Intrepid. Chairman Ian McMaster to become interim executive Chairman while a new appointment is made.

2013:   August   Australia
INTREPID Mines chief executive officer Brad Gordon has resigned and the company reports there has been no progress in the six weeks since surviving a board spill.

2013:   August   Australia
Brad Gordon pulls out of Intrepid
INTREPID Mines chief executive Brad Gordon has resigned from the embattled company a month after a failed attempt to spill the board.
Mr Gordon is said to have been headhunted to join an unnamed Australian-listed resources company.

2013:   June   Tanzania
Industry reports of Barrick not paying corporate tax at all.

2013:   March      Indonesia
Intrepid CEO, Brad Gordon, in stunned by the events around the Indonesian Tujuh Bukit project and in quoted:  “What is disappointing is these Indonesian businessmen think they can act outside the law with impunity,” he said. “That’s the disappointing aspect for foreign investors like us.”
Regarding the day Intrepid staff were forced off the project site, Gordon says:  “It wasn’t a pleasant day,” he said. “It was quite frightening that something like that would happen. We were obviously concerned for our people. Nothing like that would ever happen in North America or Australia.”

2013:   March      Indonesia
Intrepid ‘pressured partner’ to sign away rights
Reports that on April 21, 2008, in Jakarta, Paul Willis, Intrepid’s partner, was intimidated and forced into signing a release for his rights to the massive Tujuh Bukit gold deposit.  Willis was outnumbered nine-to-one, including Intrepid CEO, Brad Gordon, and legal counsel Vanessa Chidrawi and six locals, armed with revolvers in holsters. The Business Day claims they obtained an email to show how Intrepid conspired with the local partners to squeeze Willis out of the venture.

Reports that the sole reason that the Tujuh Bukit Agreement expired was that Emperor was too busy with the merger with Intrepid and they left it until the last weeks to try and complete documents that at best would have taken 3 months to complete.  Intrepid simply left it until too late.

2013:   March   Tanzania

Barrick terminates MOU for land disputes with communities around North Mara mine.

2013:   January   Tanzania
National Environment Management Council orders Barrick:  Close down the toxic tailings pit due to toxic leakages that are contaminating local water sources.

2012:   December      Indonesia
Intrepid opens up on Indonesia saga. They claim they are victims of attempted criminal fraud and the Indonesian Police are investigating.  Intrepid CEO, Brad Gordon, said the company would devote itself to a long-term battle to retain its rights.

2012:   September   Indonesia
Intrepid appoints Indonesian GM to move Tujuh Bukit forward.  Clayton Allen Wenas appointed as the newly created role of executive GM for Intrepid’s Indonesian operations.  Reports that Wenas is a specialist in government affairs and external relations, and is an experienced senior attorney and business executive.

2012:   July   Indonesia
Intrepid Mines in the dark in Indonesia
Tujuh Bukit prospect.  Intrepid’s total fall-out with their partners.
In addition the threat by Canadian coal explorer Churchill Mining of a multi-billion lawsuit over the revocation of its local partner’s East Kalimantan coking coal concessions.

How did Brad Gordon allow Intrepid get itself into this vulnerable position?
Shareholders worried: Did Intrepid expose them to excessive risk by entering such a joint venture and continuing to fund it when the Indonesia partners had not met their obligations?
Geoffrey Gold, a mining industry consultant of almost 20 years standing in Jakarta, says Australian companies are notably careless about managing relationships with Indonesian partners, staff, government officials and shareholders…..
Constant relationship management is critical and in Gold’s view that demands a full-time senior management presence in Jakarta.
Intrepid operates from Brisbane and not from Jakarta and to outside observers there seemed to be a serious red flag about the slowness of Intrepid……

Intrepid’s chairman, Colin Jackson, confirmed that Geoffrey Gold’s criticism of Intrepid’s “fly-in, fly-out management” in Indonesia was reasonable. “As a general statement I would concur. Should we have a managing director resident in Jakarta? Possibly, yes,” he said.

2012:   April      Australia
Brad Gordon….   no stranger to “dealing” even if he does not produce results…
Intrepid Mines shows 70 per cent fall in its share price since previous November.
Still seeks approval from shareholders for MD, Brad Gordon, to have a potential termination payout of more than 12 months’ pay.   Gordon cashed in 1.5 million share rights and 1.47 million options the previous year in January, at a profit of more than $4.8 million.

2011:   September   England-Tanzania
Creation of the largest corporate community development fund in Tanzania with an annual budget commitment of $10 million : ABG’s Corporate Social Responsibility Charter
We are determined to work with the utmost respect for individuals, our employees, and the communities and environments in which we operate, while pursuing value for our shareholders.

Our Corporate Social Responsibility Charter guides our conduct in the fields of Ethics, our Employees, our Communities, the Environment, Health & Safety and Security & Human Rights.

2010:   August   Tanzania
Interview with Barrick Gold Chief Executive, Deo Mwanyika

2008:   March   Australia
EMPEROR MINES LIMITED (EMP)   Delisted from ASX 26/03/2008
Due to merger between Emperor and Intrepid Mining.

2007:   November   Australia
Emperor Mines Ltd had ruled out taking on projects in Africa, Europe, China or Russia to focus instead on the Americas and Asia-Pacific region, the company said.
CEO, Brad Gordon told shareholders at Emperor’s AGM in Perth that the company would maintain its primary focus on gold and that its Tujuh Bukit gold, silver and copper project in Java was “a potential company maker”.
Mr Gordon’s comments came as Emperor merger’s with Canada’s Intrepid Mines Ltd.

The troubled gold miner agreed to merge with Intrepid in September and is set to become a multi-metal play through Intrepid’s Casposo gold and silver project in Argentina, Taviche gold-silver project in Mexico and Paulsens gold mine in Western Australia.

As part of a recent, radical restructure, Emperor was forced to sell all its producing assets, namely its Vatukoula gold mine in Fiji and its stake in the Porgera gold mine in Papua New Guinea (PNG).
The divestment was prompted by the mines’ poor performance and consecutive annual losses.

After the meeting, Mr Gordon told AAP the company would look at other metals if such projects “could add significant value”.

2007:   September   Australia
DRDGOLD announces merger between and Emperor Mines Intrepid Mines on condition DRDGOLD can receive their holdings.   DRDGOLD own 78.7% of Emperor Mines

2006:   September   Australia
Emperor Mining …  Presentation called “The New Emperor”.
Fixing Tolukuma; Fixing Vatukoula; Bright future for Porgera.
Promises promises

2006:   August   Australia
Emperor sketches turnaround plans
EMPEROR Mines chief executive Brad Gordon has outlined his company’s plans to rejuvenate its Australasian asset base, reiterating his earlier pledge of a turnaround in the company’s operations by early 2007.

 

ABG Annual Report & Accounts 2010
Corporate  responsibility
Maintaining our licence to operate through acting responsibly in relation to our people, the environment and the communities in which we operate is central to achieving our objectives.

Acting responsibly working closely with communities in Tanzania Developing positive community relations is a core part of the way ABG does business, not only as a corporate responsibility but as a vital requirement for our continued operational success. For me, Community Relations as a function not only deals with how we manage potential social impacts that mining creates but also how we enhance opportunities and benefits for the communities where we live and work.

At ABG we believe it is critical to establish mutually beneficial relationships with the communities in which we operate. Maintaining our social licence to operate is central to our ethos of responsible mining. It will help to ensure a stable operating environment for our existing assets and allow our Exploration team access to prospective ground.

 

A Canadian & British Humiliation & Dishonour

By Samantha Cole of Tanzania Business Ethics

This is a public letter regarding Mr. Kelvin Dushnisky (President of Barrick Gold and Chairman of Acacia Mining) to the Honorable State‐Leaders of the following countries:

Tanzania:          Hon. President J. P. Magufuli
Canada:              Hon. Prime Minister J. Trudeau
Argentina:         Hon. President M. Macri
Kenya:                Hon. President U. M. Kenyatta
United States:  Hon. President B. Obama
Burkina Faso:   President R Kaboré
Chile:                  Hon. President M. Bachelet
Papua New Guinea: Hon. Prime Minister P. O’Neill
Pakistan:            Hon. President M. Hussain
Philippines:       Hon. President R. Duterte
Dominican Republic: Hon. President D. Medina
United Kingdom:        Hon. Prime Minister D. Cameron

To be emailed directly to each State-Leader as well to each Embassy/High Commission in Tanzania with the request to be forwarded to each State-Leader as well as numerous copies to all Authorities, Ministries of Mines, Law Enforcement Agencies worldwide and numerous others including the list at the end of this letter.

Dear Honorable State Leaders,

RE: Fraud and Corruption sponsored by MR. KELVIN DUSHNISKY – The President of Barrick Gold (NYSE: ABX) & Chairman of Acacia Mining (LON: ACA)

Is Mr. Kelvin Dushnisky, President of the biggest gold mining company in the world (Barrick Gold includes Acacia Mining), capable and competent for the position? Why is he NOT held accountable for his companies illegal activities? The main difference between responsibility and accountability is that responsibility can be shared while accountability cannot.

Mr. Dushnisky being accountable, not only means he is responsible for everything he authorises, but also he is ultimately answerable for damages and devastations that his company causes globally.  The murders, the rapes, the misery, the damage to environments, the fraud, the corruption, the tax evasion….. This is NOT a Hollywood movie, this is for real! Mr. Dushnisky must be accountable.

Honorable State Leaders, the facts speak for themselves. Let us call a spade, a spade. Mr. Dushnisky runs Barrick Gold and Acacia Mining with a clear tendency and pattern of FRAUD and CORRUPTION.
Regardless of if we call it money FRAUD, human rights FRAUD, environment FRAUD – whatever he decides, is without thinking twice. His bottom line is: “make more money and screw everyone else”.

Have you noticed that almost most of Mr. Dushnisky’s BARRICK mines are located in regions referred to as Developing Regions and Nations? Tanzania, Chile, Papua New Guinea, Argentina, Burkina Faso, Pakistan, Kenya, Philippines, Dominican Republic ?

Let us call a spade a spade…
These Barrick mines are in areas where the labor force is all Black, Brown or Native – all local populations that Barrick can control with their money.
Barrick will take out the gold from the ground as quickly as possible and then run away to their next victim mine.

Please allow us to give a clear picture of the “Kelvin Dushnisky business model” for Barrick Gold and Acacia Mining and the operations of their mines:

1.    Manipulate the local Government to give Barrick the land almost for free on the promises of wonderful taxes (if we open the subject of Barrick’s corruption, this letter will never end!)
2.    Use the local population labor force and pay them lowest possible salaries – money that workers can never save for their family’s futures after working for years in Barrick mines
3.    Make a terrible mess and damages of the local environment that is almost impossible to remedy. Local deaths and rapes and misery by Barrick’s “security” workers.
4.    Barrick will pay NO taxes because Barrick complain that they make no profits – but they pay hundreds of millions in Dividends to shareholders overseas using the system of illegal price transferring!
5.    As soon as Barrick decide that they want to leave the mine, they close shop and walk away for FREE.

Mr. Dushnisky can never explain :
   the disgusting disparity of mine worker’s salaries in the Barrick North American mines compared to an equivalent Black or Native worker in Chile / Argentina / Tanzania / Papua New Guinea / etc!   Does a Barrick mine worker in Nevada USA receive the same salary as the same worker, doing the same job, in a Barrick mine in Tanzania?
•    why there are no proportionate percentages of Blacks or Natives in senior management positions.
•    why are there no proportionate percentages of Blacks or Natives on the Barrick or Acacia Boards of Directors?

In all the many years of mining in Tanzania, in Chile, in Argentina, in Papua New Guinea, in the Philippines, etc…. how is possible that Mr. Dushnisky never met or trained any of the talented local brain-power to sit in the senior positions in his companies?
Why not? Because they are not “WHITE” !!
Because in Mr. Dushnisky’s world …. When he is right, he is right …. And when he is wrong, then he is still right….. But that is ONLY BECAUSE HE IS WHITE!

Honorable State Leaders, Mr. Dushnisky can NOT show you, what did he and Barrick do for “Developing Regions or Countries”? He can send sophisticated lying lawyers letters. He thinks to pay for a soccer team or contribute to a new clinic is all they must do whilst they cleverly take all the precious gold out of the lands (natural given resources).
And then to add insult to injury, THEY KILL, RAPE, ABUSE, MISTREAT, DESTROY ENVIRONMENTS AND IN THE END, BARRICK STILL PAY LITTLE OR NO TAXES ….
However, Mr. Dushnisky simply sends his sophisticated lawyers and accountants to prove to the Blacks and the Natives why Barrick Gold makes NO PROFITS…. Whilst they pay hundreds of millions of Dollars in Dividends and … let us not forget about the tens of millions of Dollars that they throw around in bonuses!!

Honorable State Leaders, kindly permit us to bring to your attention the very painful and distressing example of Barrick Gold’s two-faced, deceitful and treacherous swindles that they played with the Tulawaka mine in Tanzania:

Internet research tells us:
The original discovery of gold at the Tulawaka mine was in 1998.
Barrick Gold’s involvement was in 2000 via Pangea Goldfields and they operated this mine from 2005 through to 2013.
During those 8 years, from 2005 through to 2013, the mine produced nearly 1 million oz of gold.
That was ALMOST DOUBLE THE QUANTITY OF GOLD OF THE ORIGINAL EXPECTATIONS!

Then suddenly Barrick decided to stop and within a short period of time, they were all gone!!
What did Barrick leave behind after taking 1 million oz of gold ? They certainly did NOT pay much taxes!
They left behind massive unemployment, massive damage to the environment, massive social problems…. All for the Tanzania government to repair and remedy alone. This is the style of Mr. Kelvin Dushnisky… he takes, he rapes and he leaves!
It is NO surprise that President Magufuli said publicly in a speech 2 weeks ago that mining companies who report no profits in Tanzania “better go back to their countries” and the President instructed the Tax Revenue Services to seal the loop holes for tax evasion that the mining companies are using!!

And this is the same style of treatment he gives local mining companies that are partners with Barrick. He will use them and then abuse them – as we see with the very real example of Bismark Limited in Tanzania. On June 3, 2016, Business Times reported that a Tanzanian MP stated in Parliament how Barrick Gold “colluded with certain officials of dubious probity at the Ministry of Energy & Minerals in order to get their support for the Big Miner’s “suppression of small Tanzania mining companies!”

And one thing is for certain…. When Barrick decides to stop operations in their other 3 mines in Tanzania, they will do exactly the same….. they will fraudulently and in a corrupt manner, search for a hole in the system and then sneak out the back door!
Barrick will leave their three mines as “ghost towns” and walk away from total devastation in every direction and sphere.

Honorable State Leaders, on the subject of deceitful and treacherous swindles, kindly permit us to raise the subject of mine labor manipulation and falsification:
Barrick have a system where they bring an overseas labor sub-contractor to their mines. In this case, we refer to the Australian company, BYRNECUT OFFSHORE GROUP who operates in Tanzania on behalf of Barrick Gold. Barrick created a sophisticated system to distance themselves from their labor force by bringing the Australian’s to employ workers. This means that all labor suppression and humiliation problems are directed away from Barrick Gold and to the Australian’s.
What is this scheme for ?
Why bring an Australian company to Africa to hire local workers? Is there no local company in all of Tanzania that can offer this same service?
Or maybe Mr. Dushnisky only relies on the Australian’s because they are white?

Mr. Dushnisky was born in September 1963 and is a qualified lawyer. His career in Barrick Gold began in 2002 and over the past about 14 years, he has worked and been promoted up through the different levels of senior management, up the top of Barrick Gold. On the next pages, you can find a detailed report of Mr. Dushnisky’s employment at Barrick and his other positions and Directorships outside of Barrick.

So, we have established that Mr. Dushnisky, a lawyer, has risen up through the senior management ranks of Barrick over the past 14 years. Undoubtedly, he has been exposed to most issues facing Barrick all around the world – he has been exposed to the full spectrum from the success stories to the crisis situations and tragedies.
A man who earns multi-million dollars a year is paid to deliver to his company full value services – ideally success stories as opposed to crises and tragedies. Whilst one cannot question accidents, one can question a crisis situation and the management skills behind those responsible for solving each and every crisis situation for the benefit of that company.

There have been literally hundreds of crisis situations, disasters and tragedies during the 14 years that Mr. Dushnisky has worked in Barrick. Suffice it to say that Kelvin Dushnisky can boast that “he has seen it all, done it all and got the t-shirt”. However, cynicism aside, one has to ask if Kelvin Dushnisky is the right man for the job?

Certainly he has “seen it all” but is it not obvious that he lacks the managerial skills to actually keep all aspects of the global company on track and under control in Barrick operations around the world? Despite the fact that he has “seen it all”, one would think even more so that he would ensure that problem situations are put to rest immediately that they rear their ugly heads! And better yet, why are the same problems cropping up all the time – year after year and similarities country by country around the world?
But no, Mr. Dushnisky prefers to come out fighting with his sophisticated lawyers and accountants, bullying, intimidating, mistreating and oppressing anything or anyone that might be a “threat” to Barrick. Indeed, these are strong words BUT the facts speak for themselves.

We started this public letter with the question:
Is Mr. Kelvin Dushnisky, President of the biggest gold mining company in the world, capable and competent for the position ?

Attached is a list of problems, disasters and tragedies that go on and on, year after year…. The internet does wonders when researching Barrick and their scandals and indignities. The results do not seem to finish….

What with all these hundreds of crisis situations right under Mr. Dushnisky’s nose during his 14 years in senior management, one must wonder why Barrick do not have a better management team to steer their ship away from these recurring problems?
One must wonder why the Board of Directors and Shareholders and Investors are not sick and tired of hearing about crisis after crisis, over and over again in multiple countries? Does Kelvin Dushnisky not learn from his mistakes?
And, let us not make a mistake here: The buck stops with him and these are effectively his mistakes!

Being accountable not only means being responsible for something but also ultimately being answerable for your actions. Why is Mr. Dushnisky NOT answering for all these failures?
And failures they are because Barrick knows how to prevent these problems, failing which, by now, they should know how to rectify or solve them!

Of course, one cannot question God’s grace and good fortune that Barrick is enjoying with the UK-EU crisis and the surge for gold shares and Barrick’s benefit’s therefrom. Barrick still a captain to be ACCOUNTABLE for the Barrick ship.

Honorable State Leaders, Mr. Dushnisky thinks we may all be underprivileged / unexposed / uneducated / uncivilized “Blacks and Natives” but it is obvious to us that as things stand now, looking at the scenario presented above, it is time for Governments to take pro-active action so that Barrick will change their tendencies and patterns of Fraud and Corruption. Furthermore, it is time for Mr. Dushnisky to move over and allow someone more suitable to step into that position… so that “someone” can truly manage the world’s biggest gold mining company to benefit the underprivileged societies as they take the natural God given resources from the lands of these “Developing Regions”.

Yours faithfully

Samantha Cole
http://www.tanzaniabusinessethics.wordpress.com
http://www.facebook.com/sam.cole.ethics

Copies sent also to :

Canada:
The Governor General of Canada; Hon. Governor General David Johnston
Minister of Foreign Affairs; Hon. Stéphane Dion
Minister of International Trade; Hon. Chrystia Freeland;
Minister of International Development and La Francophonie; Hon. Marie-Claude Bibeau;
Canadian Senate; The Speaker
Canadian House of Commons; The Speaker
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario; Hon. Elizabeth Dowdeswell
Mayor of Toronto; Hon. John Tory

International Trade Committee

Foreign Affairs & International Development Committee

Justice & Human Rights Committee

Hon. Mark Eyking
Randy Hoback
Tracey Ramsey
Sukh Dhaliwal
Peter Fonseca
Linda Lapointe
Karen Ludwig
Kyle Peterson
Hon. GerryRitz
Dave Van Kesteren
Hon Robert D. Nault
Dean Allison
Hélène Laverdière
Hon Tony Clement
Peter Fragiskatos
Hon Peter Kent
Michael Levitt
Marc Miller
Raj Saini
Jati Sidhu
Anthony Housefather
Ted Falk
Murray Rankin
Chris Bittle
Michael Cooper
Colin Fraser
Ahmed Hussen
Iqra Khalid
Ron McKinnon
Hon. Rob Nicholson

Scrutiny of Regulations Committee

Natural Resources
Committee

Hon. Pana Merchant
Harold Albrecht
Gary Anandasangaree
Pierre-Luc Dusseault
Hon. Elaine McCoy
Hon. Wilfred P. Moore
Hon. Bob Runciman
Vance Badawey
John Brassard
Nicola Di Iorio
Ali Ehsassi
Fayçal El-Khoury
Garnett Genuis
Bernadette Jordan
Tom Kmiec
Geng Tan
James Maloney
John Barlow
Richard Cannings
Hon. Candice Bergen
T.J. Harvey
Denis Lemieux
Michael McLeod
Marc Serré
Shannon Stubbs
Geng Tan


England:
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice
Secretary of State for International Development
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
British House of Commons; The Speaker;
British House of Lords; The Speaker
Mayor of London;  Hon. Sadiq Khan

Foreign Affairs Committee

International Development
Committee

International RelationsCommittee

Crispin Blunt
Mr John Baron
Ann Clwyd
Mike Gapes
Stephen Gethins
Mr Mark Hendrick
Adam Holloway
Daniel Kawczynski
Yasmin Qureshi
Andrew Rosindell
Nadhim Zahawi
Stephen Twigg
Fiona Bruce
Dr Lisa Cameron
Stephen Doughty
Mr Nigel Evans
Mrs Helen Grant
Pauline Latham
Jeremy Lefroy
Wendy Morton
Albert Owen
Virendra Sharma
Lord Howell of Guildford
Baroness Coussins
Lord Grocott
Lord Hannay of Chiswick
Baroness Helic
Baroness Hilton of Eggardon
Lord Inglewood
Lord Jopling
Lord Purvis of Tweed
Lord Reid of Cardowan
Baroness Smith of Newnham
Lord Wood of Anfield

Justice
Committee

Human Rights
Committee

Robert Neill
Richard Arkless
Alex Chalk
Alberto Costa
Philip Davies
Chris Elmore
Mr David Hanson
John Howell
Dr Rupa Huq
Victoria Prentis
Marie Rimmer
Ms Harriet Harman
Fiona Bruce
Ms Karen Buck
Baroness Hamwee
Lord Henley
Baroness Lawrence of Clarendon
Jeremy Lefroy
Mark Pritchard
Baroness Prosser
Amanda Solloway
Lord Trimble
Lord Woolf


USA:
The Secretary of State
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Majority Leader of the House of Representatives
Minority Leader of the House of Representatives
Majority Leader of the Senate
Minority Leader of the Senate
Governor of Alaska
Governor of Nevada
Governor of New York
Governor of New Mexico

REALITY CHECK FOR TANZANIANS LIVING NEAR ACACIA MINING / BARRICK GOLD MINES

IS WATER IS MORE PRECIOUS THAN GOLD?
By: Samantha Cole of Tanzania Business Ethics

What is the danger for our Women, Men, Children, Cattle, Wildlife, Fish, Forests … in short, everything from God and Mother Nature ?

Last week, a Canadian reporter exposed Barrick Gold spilling cyanide into FIVE rivers in Argentina!  Five rivers???!!!  What next will they do ??
As a result, a new worldwide online petition has begun which we fully support and ask every reader to sign.  See below for the link to the petition.

Let us take a look at the terrible and vicious cyanide disasters…..

MINING (LEACHING) GOLD WITH CYANIDE

For over 120 years, miners have used cyanide to recover gold from gold ores.  Cyanide is used to dissolve and separate gold from ore.  Today, sadly,  most of the world’s gold is recovered with cyanide playing a large part in the mining production.
The process used to extract gold using cyanide was developed in Scotland in 1887 and was first used in large scale mining in New Zealand in 1889.

In short and not to go deeper into chemical compounds and equations, it’s enough to say that different or “extra” elements in the mineral compounds will often play havoc with a chemical reaction. Miners know that much thought and design goes into the making of a heap leach, to derive the best, most economical solution for recovering the gold from the ore.

The bottom line is that severe, dangerous, cruel, ruthless and brutal poison is left behind, long after the gold is taken far away from the mine and sold!   Cyanide is the general term for the chemicals that are “left behind” as explained above.

Cyanide is toxic in large doses (for example in a gold mine) and is strictly regulated in most jurisdictions worldwide to protect people, animals, water, vegetation, forests and the general environment.

What is the danger of cyanide?
Cyanide prevents the body from taking in oxygen, resulting in suffocation !  Fish are 1,000 times more sensitive to cyanide than humans.   In view of the greatest environmental threat from cyanide to water life, the monitoring and management of water on mine sites is definitely of ultimate importance.  Government regulations should generally limit the amount of cyanide allowed to be discharged into the environment.
There are a number of water treatment technologies available to remove cyanide from mine water – the question is if mine owners will pay the cost!

Mine disasters from cyanide accidents:
There is no shortage of mine disasters from cyanide accidents and spills.  Starting in 1971 in Romania, with about 90 deaths on the day and who knows how many after.

Summitville mine in Colorado, USA.
In 1991
, the owners were served with a court order to stop mining operations due to damage to the environment around the mine.  Reports say about 320 cubic meters of contaminated water had leaked into the surrounding environment.
In 1992, the owners declared bankruptcy.  The site clean-up was undertaken by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

The owners had used cyanide in their mining process to extract gold.  This resulted in about 610,000 cubic meters of stored toxic water.
Following the company’s bankruptcy, the US government spent over US$155 million to clean the site.
That translates to a cost of about US$ 255 per cubic meter to clean the site.

Other countries suffered tragedies and devastation, some more and some less, are:  Papua New Guinea, United States, Guyana, Philippines, China, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Romania, Ghana, Australia, Nicaragua, Honduras, Canada, Tanzania, Argentina…. and more….  When will the world learn?

Tanzania is no stranger to the dangers of cyanide spills and accidents – especially from Barrick Gold – Acacia Mining:

In 2006, the Lawyers’ Environmental Action Team of Tanzania wrote this in a report:
Another strategy has been to release waste water from Barrick’s tailings dam onto villagers’ lands.  This is happening at Matongo Village to the west of the mine where hundreds of hectares of farmlands have been inundated with the cyanide-laced sludge from the tailings dam.   We also know inside sources that the company has been releasing this cyanide-laced water onto the Thigithe River which empties onto the larger River Mara just to the south of the Mine.”

In 2009, we had tragedy and loss of life and brutal damage to our environment around Barrick’s North Mara mine.  The death toll was close to 20 and maybe more after, that we do not know about.  The environment was seriously contaminated. The arsenic poison content in the most contaminated water sample were one to two times HIGHER than the WHO (World Health Organization) drinking water guidelines.  The most extreme water sample contained almost half a lethal dose of arsenic for a human being! Our Thigithe River was terribly contaminated.
There are many serious health effects resulting from exposure to arsenic. A variety of cancers, birth defects and numerous skin problems are among the effects.

In a statement signed by Barrick’s public relations officer, Mr Teweli Kyara Teweli, said the claims (that Barrick was responsible) were blatant lies.

In view of Barricks’ insistence that reported deaths and illnesses were not related to the mine’s operations, an investigation was done to compare the quality of water between 2009 and 2002.  Not surprising at all, the findings showed that levels of trace metals and cyanide were higher than permissible by the World Health Organization standards. Also, water samples taken from the river found nickel, lead and chromium levels had increased by 260, 168 and 14 times respectively since the year 2002.

In 2011, almost wo years later, Barrick said that the Thigithe River incident was no longer an issue of concern.  However, villagers living in Tarime district, in North Mara, had totally the opposite to report.  Village Chairperson, Abel Kereman Nyakiha, reported  more than 40 people had died in the area since the spillage in 2009.  The crisis continues with Barrick always denying.

In 2013, Barrick was ordered to close a pit refuse facility at North Mara due to toxic leakages that are contaminating local water sources.  During an investigation in 2012, National Environment Management Council (NEMC) officials found that lethal waste water from Barrick’s tailings storage unit was slowly seeping into the ground.

There is no end to these problems – all over the world Barrick is causing disasters to the environment around their mines.  From Australia – Lake Cowal next to Barrick’s mine across the world, through Africa  to Argentina, Chile, Dominican Republic and north to USA and Canada….. Criminal damages and disasters to the environment wherever Barrick operates.

Sisters and Brothers of Tanzania – speak out….  Send emails to our IKULU….  Our Leaders want to hear from the Nation. This is OUR NEW Tanzania !!
Our President :               ikulu@ikulu.go.tz
Our Chief Secretary :    cs@gov.go.tz

This new worldwide online petition has begun which we fully support and ask every reader to sign.  See click below and sign the petition. 
http://www.thepetitionsite.com/en-gb/544/213/070/canada-hold-barrick-gold-accountable-for-spilling-cyanide-into-argentinian-rivers/

IS WATER IS MORE PRECIOUS THAN GOLD?

 

What chance do we have in Tanzania with Acacia Mining?

Acacia Mining is the daughter company of Barrick Gold that owns 63.9% of Acacia – so we all know who controls who and who pulls the strings!!
After reading the article below reported brilliantly by Elizabeth McSheffrey and published by the National Observer – see link below – we wonder ……
HOW HARD OUR PRESIDENT AND HIS MINISTERS WILL HAVE TO WORK TO BE SURE THESE TRAGEDIES DO NOT HAPPEN IN OUR COUNTRY!!
WHAT KIND OF MONSTERS RUN THAT COMPANY??  DO THEY HAVE ANY MORALS OR INTEGRITY??

CANADIAN MINING GIANT BARRICK GOLD FIRED WHISTLEBLOWER. THEN IT SPILLED CYANIDE INTO FIVE RIVERS.
By Elizabeth McSheffrey in National Observer | June 24th 2016

Toronto-based mining giant, Barrick Gold, spilled cyanide solution into five Argentina rivers shortly after firing an engineer who raised serious safety concerns about the mining operation responsible for the contamination.

Court documents obtained by National Observer allege that Barrick, the largest gold producer in the world, abruptly dismissed senior engineer Raman Autar in 2014 to “escape publication” of critical health, safety and environmental violations he found at the Veladero mine, one of the world’s largest gold mines.

The allegations are particularly explosive as the cyanide spill — linked to a valve failure and open sluice gate — dumped more than one million litres of the solution into five rivers in Argentina’s San Juan province.

Barrick would not confirm whether addressing the whistleblower’s list of concerns would have prevented the spill. Autar’s lawsuit is ongoing and none of the allegations have been proven in court.

Read Raman Autar’s lawsuit filed in Ontario Superior Court of Justice against Barrick Gold on March 27, 2015 by clicking on the link below:

Whistleblower was courted then canned

Whistleblower Raman Autar is a New Zealand national and industry veteran brought to Canada in January 2013 to work as ‘senior manager global maintenance’ for Barrick Gold.

He was offered a salary of more than $275,000 including annual incentive payments. According to his statement of claim, Barrick also promised to support his family in obtaining permanent residency, provide scholarships for his children, and offer financial assistance in purchasing a Toronto home.

But the relationship didn’t last long — Autar was fired in March 2014 after he visited the Veladero gold mine in the San Juan and voiced concerns about its condition, as well as “harassment and bullying” at his job in Toronto. He later alleged that the company fired him for raising his voice.

On March 27, 2015, Autar announced intentions to sue Barrick Gold for more than $10.5 million, citing psychological distress, wrongful dismissal, and breach of fiduciary duty among other grievances.

“He was terminated for raising health and safety and environmental concerns in accordance with the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics,” said the lawsuit, filed by the engineer’s lawyer at Shillers LLP in Toronto. “Barrick terminated Autar’s employment to escape the publication of Autar’s report raising environmental infringements at the Veladero mine in Argentina.”

According to the Ontario Superior Court of Justice, Barrick has filed its intent to defend itself. The company declined to comment on Autar’s allegations, but his lawyer, Gil Fischler, confirmed that Autar has now found employment in the mining industry in Vancouver and obtained permanent residency for himself and his family.

Fischler would not elaborate on the violations Autar uncovered at Veladero while the lawsuit remains unsettled.

A powerful company with political influence

According to the court documents, Autar moved from Australia to Toronto for the job with his wife and two young children.

His work visa was tied to Barrick Gold, leaving him unable to seek alternative employment until he found permanent residency, placing him in “an emotionally and financially vulnerable position.” He was fired without notice and provided with two weeks’ salary, despite a mortgage to pay and a family to raise.

The lawsuit says the “psychological stability of his children” and “substantial losses” the family suffered as a result of their move should have been considered in his termination, and even if Barrick did not owe Autar further fiduciary duty, alleges that 40 months’ notice should have been given upon consideration of these other factors.

But Autar is not the only person who claims his family life has been uprooted by Barrick or its mining operations; the company has been at odds with community members, politicians, and activists for more than a decade in Chile and Argentina.

In 2014, former Environment Secretary Romina Picolotti and husband Jorge Daniel Taillant — founders of the Center for Human Rights and Environment (CHRE) — were forced to relocate from Argentina to the U.S. as a result of growing pressure against their organization and their advocacy tackling powerful industrial interests, including Barrick Gold’s two key mining projects in the country, Veladero and Pascua Lama.

According to Taillant, being fired “is the least that can happen” to whistleblowers who speak out against Barrick Gold or those who work to oppose these sorts of investments.

“The corporativist nature of the industry is extremely powerful in places like Argentina”, he explained. “[Barrick] has deals with public officials, ministers, local politicians, and local commercial actors, and they are all working together and will stop at nothing to see large commercial projects like Pascua Lama reach fruition … and there’s a lot of money and a lot of power behind that money.”

Barrick Gold has invested heavily in the Veladero mine — a lucrative operation that churned out 602,000 ounces of gold in 2015 and has another 7.5 million ounces sitting in reserve. Taillant and Picolotti’s advocacy group, CHRE, has been monitoring environmental compliance from mining companies in Argentina since 2005, when Veladero first started operating in the western province of San Juan.


“Death threats against our children”

Picolotti was the Environment Secretary of Argentina between 2006 and 2008. She had been given free reign to clamp down on contaminating industries, but resigned suddenly after being asked by the country’s president to justify her veto of a glacier protection law that had recently passed unanimously by Congress. If enacted, the law would have restricted mining and oil drilling, including Barrick Gold’s operations at the Pascua Lama project, located along the Chile-Argentine border.

In an interview with National Observer Taillant described the ordeal that ultimately led the family to flee the country and take CHRE with them:

“We’ve had death threats against our children and our bank accounts, including our organizational accounts at private banks were suddenly and mysteriously closed for no reason. Since we began going after Barrick, we’ve faced fantastical and baseless accusations in the media and in the justice system,” he alleged. “We’ve had our attorneys suspended for absurd administrative reasons and have been anonymously slandered before our funders. We’ve been harassed by the tax authorities and the list goes on and on.

“It’s very difficult to link this ongoing series of attacks against us to a company like Barrick, since most of the slandering and threats follows no traceable path. Finally, we realized that we could no longer safely and effectively do our work in Argentina. When you get smear campaigns against you accusing you of corruption it not only places a stain on your reputation, but it dries up your advocacy financing.”

His own allegations have never been proven, and in an email to National Observer, Barrick Gold said Mr. Taillant’s claims were false and that it has “never engaged in any such activities.”

Taillant however, said Autar’s story is “not surprising” and falls in line with the company’s disastrous environmental record in South America.

Cyanide spill contaminates five rivers

Earlier this year, a provincial Argentine court slammed Barrick Gold with a US$9.3-million fine for a cyanide solution spill in September 2015 at the Veladero mine visited by Autar. The spill was eventually linked to “a frozen valve and a sluice gate that was left open at the time of the valve failure,” Barrick Gold told National Observer in a separate email statement.

While the company said that the incident posed “no risks to the health of downstream communities”, nine of its high-ranking employees were later charged in relation to the spill. A report from Chile’s Secretariat for Environmental Control and Supervision further criticized the company’s mismanagement of the incident, which — despite Barrick’s initial claims — was found to have contaminated five rivers in the San Juan province.

Over the course of the investigation, Barrick revised the size of the spill at least three times, first claiming “no contamination” but eventually acknowledging that more than one million litres of cyanide solution leaked into the river system.

The incident occurred several months after Autar first raised concerns about poorly-maintained equipment at the Veladero mine, including “machinery not properly maintained for down periods.” Barrick Gold would not comment on whether Autar’s concerns were related to the cyanide spill, or whether addressing them could have prevented it, but did respond to questions about the incident overall:

“The safety of people and the environment is our first priority at all of our operations,” said an email statement. “Multiple, independent studies, including by the UN, have determined that the Sept. 2015 incident did not represent a risk to the health of communities. Following the process solution ‎release in September, Veladero has implemented a range of improvements to strengthen and improve environmental safeguards to ensure such an incident cannot occur again. Barrick consistently applies industry leading standards at all of its operations and we remain committed to ensuring the environment around our mines is protected.”

Record fines from Chile for hiding the truth

Two years prior to the Argentina spill, the Canadian mining giant was also hit with a record US$16.4-million penalty in Chile, where it was found guilty of 23 violations of its environmental impact agreement at the Pascua Lama gold project on the Chile-Argentine border. The convictions included building earthworks without approval, failing to prevent runoff from mineral acid, and failing to tell the whole truth when it came to such operational failures.

In an unprecedented move, the Chilean environmental regulator had previously ordered a halt to construction of the US$8.5-billion mining project while it investigated the company’s wrongdoing. The company later admitted to the violations and pledged $30 million in fixes after paying just $11.6 million of the total fines, which were reduced for prompt payment.

Barrick’s legal woes continue in the U.S., where a New York district judge ruled in March that it will face a U.S. class action lawsuit accusing it of distorting facts related to the stalled Pascua Lama mine project. Shareholders who acquired Barrick shares between May 7, 2009 and Nov. 1, 2013 are part of the lawsuit, which claims the Canadian company repeatedly and knowingly misled them about whether the mine was complying with environmental regulations.

A history of human rights accusations

The company has also been criticized by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch over the grave abuse of Indigenous populations and communities where it has built gold mines in Papua New Guinea, including home burnings, gang rapes and violent raids.

Industry watchdog Mining Watch Canada has documented similar violations at Barrick’s mine in Tanzania, and names the company in more than 15 web pages full of reports. Barrick Gold was recently barraged by protests at its annual general meeting in Toronto on April 26.

A communications official with the Mining Association of Canada, the national voice of the industry and an organization of which Barrick Gold is a member, said she was unable to comment on Barrick Gold’s record because she was unfamiliar with it.

According to Barrick Gold’s website, the company respects “human rights wherever we do business” and recognizes “the equality and dignity of the people with whom we interact every day.” In an effort to remedy some of the problems of the past, it has recently put in place a Human Rights Compliance Program, completed seven audits across security-related subject areas, signed a memorandum of understanding with police near the Pueblo Viejo mine in the Dominican Republic.

It has also launched a remedy program for victims of rape by guards at the Papua New Guinea Porgera mine.

http://www.nationalobserver.com/2016/06/24/news/canadian-mining-giant-barrick-gold-fired-whistleblower-then-they-spilled-cyanide

 

Tanzania President tells “non-profit” miners “…GO BACK TO THEIR COUNTRIES”

This is a public email to Kelvin Dushnisky, the President of Barrick Gold that also owns 63.9% of Acacia Mining.
Copies of this letter are sent to the all on the Board of Directors of Barrick in Canada and also the Board of Directors of Acacia in UK as well as Law enforcement (in different countries),

Dear Mr. Dushnisky

Yesterday, was the climax of celebrations to mark the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Bank of Tanzania (BoT).

Our President made a public speech there and FINALLY… we see our hard work is succeeding…. look at what he said in his speech:

Apart from proper collection of government revenue, the Treasury was instructed to put measures in place that would ensure that the revenue assurance system was working. Our President also asked senior officials to ensure that they supervise tax collection in mining companies as well as ensuring that they seal loop holes for tax evasion.

“There have been instances where a mining company operates in the country for 10 years but still its officials are telling you that they don’t make any profit … if that is the case, they better go back to their countries”

Also our GREAT President finally confirmed officially in public and sent this message to mining companies:
It is better for us Tanzanian’s to remain with our precious gems under our grounds for even 1,000 years than to let overseas mining companies take our precious gems and NOT pay taxes and royalties fairly and honestly.
Also, the President said… It is not a sin to leave our precious gem mining pits for the next generations to work on and benefit from fair and correct taxes and royalties.

If you don’t believe us, ask Deo and his management team at your Dar office to confirm…. IF THEY DARE TO TELL YOU THE TRUTH.
And if you still do not believe … then look at the Daily News internet article yesterday:
http://dailynews.co.tz/index.php/home-news/50929-magufuli-explains-job-freezeAnd if you need the Kiswahili version, here is the link:
http://habarileo.co.tz/index.php/habari-za-kitaifa/11428-magufuli-azigeukia-kampuni-za-simu

In Kiswahili, partly he said:
Mbali na hilo, aliwaagiza viongozi hao kuhakikisha serikali inakusanya kodi zinazostahili kutoka kwenye kampuni za madini na kufuatilia kwa karibu, kwa kuwa kuna udanganyifu mkubwa unaofanywa na baadhi ya kampuni.
In short, translated for you, the President said to the Tax Authorities to be sure to work hard to collect taxes from the mining companies BECAUSE THERE IS MASSIVE FRAUD COMMITTED BY SOME COMPANIES

Surely you remember that only a few weeks ago, in our Parliament in Dodoma, Barrick Mining and Acacia Mining were publicly lambasted for FRAUD and CORRUPTION? We sent you the details on June 1, 2016.
Now the President follows with his message “… go back to their countries” !! Can you see the writing on the wall yet ? And there YOU are, Mr. Dushnisky, sitting in your office over 10,000km away, and doing nothing???

Mr. Dushnisky, there are many anti-FRAUD and anti-CORRUPTION lobby groups working tirelessly around the world – we are only one of them. We are sure you have your hands FULL with their activist activities…
The internet is certainly full of the reports.  The difference between them and us is that we are NOT anti-Barrick or anti-Acacia. We wrote to you many times… our country needs international companies to work here… it is a win-win situation for ALL sides…. BUT only on condition that you operate properly and you pay your taxes and royalties fairly and correctly.

We wrote to you many times asking YOU to come to Tanzania and fix your problems here… but instead you ignore our requests and NOW FINALLY, after all our work and research that we sent to our President and his Government team…. NOW the message is clear…
There have been instances where a mining company operates in the country for 10 years but still its officials are telling you that they don’t make any profit … if that is the case, they better go back to their countries“. Why do you push our country to this point instead of cooperating with us and finding solutions to problems?

The last thing you need is to read that message to your company. The last thing you want is to spend work hours on damage-control instead of creativity for the good of your company and shareholders.

The first thing YOU need to do is get on a plane and come here and fix your problems so that business can return to peace and quiet and long term profits. We urge you not to take offence at our “simple native women” email telling YOU to get on a plane.

One of our European bosses used to quote Franklin D. Roosevelt very often … he said: It is common sense to take a method and try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something.”
Is it not time yet to follow the advice of ex-President Roosevelt? From one President to another, so to speak 😇

We will continue to work for our President, our Government and our Nation. We will support and praise you and your company when there are good tidings. Conversely, we will work 24/7 to do the opposite if YOU choose to keep your distance and leave your problems in our country unsolved. You are a lawyer and an engineer and a businessman. If you cannot see your way forwards as a friend and a partner of Tanzania, then, excuse us for being so forward, we have no idea what you are doing in the chair of President of Barrick Gold and Chairman of Acacia Mining!

Kind regards
Samantha Cole
https://tanzaniabusinessethics.wordpress.com
https://www.facebook.com/sam.cole.ethics